Hawkesbury Heritage & Culture

Colonial heritage in the Hawkesbury is exceptional, from a Georgian town square and Australia’s oldest church to a convict-hewn sandstone pub and a pioneer village of 19th century buildings. The remnants of the convict-built Old Great North Road, a World Heritage site, are near historic Windsor.

Aerial overlooking the historic Cattai Homestead in Cattai National Park

Step back in time

The third British settlement in Australia after Sydney and Parramatta, the Hawkesbury was settled in 1794. The small farms by the Hawkesbury River were the food bowl for the colony. The settlement was called Green Hills until 1810, when Governor Lachlan Macquarie renamed the town Windsor.

Australia’s oldest church is Ebenezer Church , established in 1809 after a meeting the year before in the home of First Fleet assistant surgeon Thomas Arndell. His original land grant and the Cattai Homestead he started building in 1820 are in the Cattai National Park , northeast of Windsor.

Shops along George Street in the historic suburb of Windsor, Sydney North

Thompson Square in Windsor is one of Australia’s finest colonial town squares. You’ll discover more colonial gems in the other historic towns, including Richmond, Pitt Town, Wilberforce, Ebenezer, St Albans and Wisemans Ferry, near the UNESCO Old Great North Road walk in Dharug National Park.

Family exploring the Australiana Pioneer Village

Immerse yourself in colonial life with a visit to the Australiana Pioneer Village in Wilberforce, north of Windsor. A collection of colonial cottages and shops include the 1811 Rose Cottage and the 1862 Atkins Blacksmith Shop, which still operates. There are cafes, carriage rides and miniature train rides.

The Hawkesbury Paddlewheeler on the scenic Hawkesbury River in Windsor

A great way to explore the river, and enjoy tasty food, is on the Hawkesbury Paddlewheeler, which recreates cruises of the 1800s when sailing ships and steamboats navigated the waterway. (Note that cruises are currently on hold and will restart in spring 2021.) You’ll find riverboat insights and other colonial and Aboriginal history in the Hawkesbury Regional Museum.

Visitors viewing artwork at Purple Noon Gallery, Freemans Reach

Explore local culture

You’ll discover a vibrant cultural scene too, from arts festivals to markets, music, small galleries and rolling exhibitions in the Hawkesbury Regional Gallery. The fine gallery collection includes works by Lloyd Rees, Arthur Boyd, Norman Lindsay, Ben Quilty and Izabela Pluta, to name just a few artists.

St Joseph's Guesthouse and Function Venue in st Albans is a stunning three level stone building that was renovated from the ruins of a 160 year old church

From ceremonial sites to rock art, a rich Aboriginal cultural heritage is protected in national parks in the Hawkesbury. Dreaming stories connect deeply with the landscape, wildlife and the river, which originates at the confluence of the Nepean and Grose rivers near Yarramundi, just west of Windsor.

How about a weekend escape or short break staying in heritage? There are colonial-era pubs dotted throughout the region, such as the 1836 Settlers Arms Inn, made of convict sandstone. Or spend a romantic night or two in the beautifully restored St Josephs Guesthouse, a former colonial church.

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