History of Sydney
Uncover Sydney's history, culture and artistic past at one of several quality museums around the city. For pioneering colonial history, visit Elizabeth Farm and Old Government House, learn about the city's railway heritage at The Rocks Discovery Museum or make your way to Trainworks in Thirlmere.
Sydney heritage and history
Before the arrival of Europeans, New South Wales had been inhabited for many thousands of years by Aboriginal people. Aboriginal Australia comprises up to 300 Aboriginal nation-states, speaking more than 250 languages and many more dialects. As hunter-gatherers, Aboriginal people developed a profound relationship with the land they inhabited, and a unique knowledge of its plants and animals. By the time the British arrived in Sydney in January 1788, there were more than 1500 Aboriginal people belonging to many clans living in the area from Botany Bay to Broken Bay and as far west as Parramatta.
Europeans settled after Sydney was chosen as a penal colony for prisoners shipped out from the overflowing jails of England. Two decades later, Governor Lachlan Macquarie charted a new course for New South Wales, the first state of Australia, as a society of free men and women. At about the same time, it was discovered that the broad plains of New South Wales were eminently suitable for the production of fine merino wool, and the country's economic future was assured.
Over the past half century, Sydney's character has been transformed from a predominantly Anglo-Irish population to one of the world's most ethnically diverse cities with more than 180 nationalities calling Sydney home. Find out more about Sydney's history and heritage at the State Library of New South Wales in Macquarie Street in the city centre.
18km (return) - 7 hour (each way) - Hard difficulty
Definitely not for the fainthearted, this challenging steep track is ideal for adventurous bushwalkers and mountain bikers who love to test...
This event is part of the Sydney Living Museums School Holiday Program.
The sun is up and it's time for kids to have fun and muck in to get the chores done. Help feed the chickens, collec...
21km (one way) - 0 hour
On a road trip which encompasses 1,200km of sealed road, you'll be utterly consumed by the parks and towns along the Greater Blue Mountains Drive. This epic journey ov...
The SCG Museum is dedicated to collecting, documenting, preserving and displaying the unique sporting and social activities that have occurred on the grounds of the Sydney Cricket Ground and the Allia...www.sydneycricketground.com.au/history/scg-museum/
In the not too distant past, Heritage Pump Station delivered water to Couridjah to replenish the steam locomotives on the old southern railway after their long haul up the steep grade from Picton.
17km (one way) - 6 hour - Medium difficulty
This stunning urban foreshore walk begins at the Sydney Harbour Bridge. Start at the bridge's southern end in The Rocks or its northern end at Mils...